PERU TOUR OPERATOR

Exploring Amazon Tours and Andean Treks Since 2007
SILLUSTANI

VISIT SILLUSTANI PRE- INCA CEMENTERY

ATTRACTIONS & ACTIVITIES IN PUNO & LAKE TITICACA

The Sillustani chullpas are located 34 kilometers from the city of Puno, on the peninsula that enters the bright blue waters of the Umayo Lagoon at 4,000 meters above sea level. This amazing lagoon, which has a depth of approximately 14 meters, is connected by the Chaullamayo rivers to the southwest and Ccaccapunco to the north, and communicates through the Illpa River with Lake Titicaca.

Sillustani, etymologically comes from the words “sillus” (nail) and “llustani” (slide); then, the literal translation of Sillustani would be nail slide. Perhaps referring to the fact that the union of the external blocks of the chullpas does not even allow the passage of a nail.
Sillustani has about 90 inverted cone-shaped chullpas. According to history, before the corpses of the highest Kolla authorities were placed in the tombs, they were mummified in the fetal position. These authorities were the most representative of the Inca Empire.

Along with their bodies, their belongings were located, which was done to maintain, over time, respect for the same authorities and everything that had characterized them during their period of government. Some included gold and silver objects, food, or ceramic utensils.

The chullpas are located on top of a small hill. Among the most famous, we find the chullpa del Lagarto, named for the large stone blocks at the base. This is the most representative of the culture, since it is the most notorious, rising 12 meters high with stones that fit perfectly, in addition, it was built during the Inca era.

Main features of Sillustani:

  • An entrance, always directed towards the East, which served for communication between the spirit of the deceased and the Sun god.
  • The arched burial chamber was formed with small stones, these stones are not carved.
  • They have an exterior cladding with large carved stone blocks, perfectly fitted together, sealing the exterior without the need for mortar or amalgam.
  • The upper part of the chullpas has a protruding row, forming the cornice that adorns the chullpa. Some stones have bas-reliefs representing mainly lizards and snakes.
SILLUSTANI

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