DISTANCE AND DIFFICULTY OF ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU
The distance of the Ancascocha Trail, begins in the rural community of Soqma until reaching kilometer 82, this route has an approximate distance of 49 kilometers. Finally, we continue by land transportation to Ollantaytambo and the last train ride to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu town).
Regarding the difficulty of Ancascocha Trail, it is characterized by being a challenging walk, so it is recommended to be in good physical condition prior to the walk, beforehand to perform exercises in your locality two months in advance of the trip. It will be very helpful, likewise if you come from places that are at sea level, you must arrive 2 days in advance to Cusco to acclimatize to the altitude and not present any decompensation on the route to Ancascocha and Machu Picchu.
Day 1: Cusco – Soqma – Perolniyoq – Rayan
- Distance traveled: 8 km / 4.97 miles
- From Soqma to Perolniyoq (lunch place) is 3 hours
- From Perolniyoq to Rayan (1st camp) is 1 hour
- Difficulty: Moderate
Day 2: Huaynay Pass- Quesqa Valley – Paucarcancha
- Distance traveled: 15 km / 9.32 miles
- From Ancascocha to Incaracay (lunch place) is 4 hours
- From Incaracay to Paucarcancha (3rd camp) it is 3 hours and 30 minutes
- Difficulty: Challenging
Day 3: Paucarcancha – Kilometer 82 – Ollantaytambo – Aguas Calientes
- Distance traveled: 12 km / 7.46 miles
- From Paucarcancha to Kilometer 82 (lunch place) is 6 hours
- Difficulty: Easy
Day 4: Machu Picchu
- Guided visit to Machu Picchu
- Difficulty: Easy
HOW TO BOOK ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU
Remember to do the Ancascocha Trail with an accredited travel agency, so that they are in charge of organizing the tour, hiring the respective vehicles, as well as looking for the suitable personnel who will accompany you on the tour such as: guide, cook and muleteers.
These aspects are very important because the Ancascocha Trail is an ideal route for nature lovers, a quiet place that is far from the city and the fact of having a travel agency that is aware of your physical and emotional integrity. It facilitates being able to enjoy the entire tour that begins at your hotel, continues to Ancascocha and Machu Picchu and then ends at your accommodation in Cusco.
AVAILABILITY OF ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU
The Ancascocha Trail is available all year round, the advantage of this route is that only a select group of people are those travelers who decide to do this walk, so until now there has been no limitation of access to the Ancascocha lagoon.
If you are within the profile of a traveler who likes to enjoy nature, a quiet place with few crowds en route, as well as interacting with residents of the high Andean areas, this walk is an excellent alternative for you.
The other point to highlight is that during the months of April to September is the best date on which you can make the trek to Ancascocha, contradictorily on the route to the Inca Trail during these dates the spaces are already sold out several months in advance (season high), and having this alternate route allows you to travel part of the original Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
THERE ARE AGE RESTRICTIONS TO TAKE THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Being a walk that involves physical effort, and if accompanied by minors it is recommended that they be over 13 years old, however if they do not reach that age it is possible to do the Walk to Ancascocha as long as a mule or horse is hired (especially for the second and third day of the journey), this animal will be very helpful to ascend and descend certain sections of the route, this is the only way in which children can be allowed access.
WHAT ARE THE CAMPSITES ON THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
The traditional camps in the trek known as Ancascocha Trek 5 days / 4 nights are:
- First day: Rayan Camp, altitude 3700 m.a.s.l., cold weather with a minimum temperature of down to -5 ° C (during the months of June, July and August) that can eventually occur at night.
- Second day: Paucarcancha Camp, altitude 3133 meters above sea level, temperate climate with a cold sensation, maximum temperature: 26 ° C, minimum temperature: 2 ° C.
- Third day: Lodging / hotel Aguas Calientes, altitude 2050 m.a.s.l., max temperature: 26 ° C, min temperature: 10 ° C
HOW IS THE FOOD DURING THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
On the food it is a point to highlight in the walks, even more so if you do it with a recommended travel agency. In addition, in many of them the chef tests his culinary skills and skill to prepare delicious dishes for each day. Above all, the most outstanding thing is the variety that they make available to visitors who make this journey.
- Anticucho of mushrooms
- Parboiled corn
- Vegetable ceviche with corn and mushrooms
- Fried wantan with ham, cheese or sausage stuffing
- Pickled vegetables with avocado
- Stuffed caiwa
- Quinoa risotto
- Quinoa with vegetables
- Cream of corn
- Cream of moraya
- Morón wheat soup
- Vegetable diet with pasta
- Sopa a la criolla (vegetable soup with pieces of chicken meat)
- Lomo saltado
- Chicken stew
- Noodle with meat stew
- Second of vegetables with avocado
- Yellow rice with chicken salad
- Meat picking
- Stuffed hot pepper
- Trout roll
Note: As you can see, the food options are varied, if you are vegetarian, vegan or have some dietary restriction. Therefore, this is not an impediment to make and enjoy the route to Ancascocha. Even better if you go with a travel agency because all you have to do is contact them in advance. Remember to inform of your food restrictions and they will take care of organizing the various dishes for you according to your requirements.
HOW ARE THE TOILETS ON THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Regarding the hygienic services, on the Ancascocha Trail the travel agency will carry a portable toilet with all the sanitary measures to be used in the camps. However, if en route you need to use the toilet, the only way to do it is to get off the route, find a suitable environment in nature, make a hole (they will provide you with a small shovel), and then do Your need should proceed to cover the hole, and put the used toilet paper in a bag and deposit it in the trash provided by your agency.
THERE IS DRINKING WATER ON THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Your travel agency will be in charge of providing you with boiled water from the first night on during meals and for this do not forget to bring your canteen, for the first 8 hours of walking you must bring your own bottled water that you can buy before starting the tour. hike or on the same hike.
Travel agencies take this aspect very responsibly to protect the well-being of visitors and their own staff, so you should not worry, however if you are skeptical you can bring your water purification tablets if you wish.
I NEED TO BRING TREKKING POLES FOR THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
If you need to carry trekking poles, it is highly recommended to do so since the route is not flat and you have to go up and down the 2 streams of the route to Ancascocha, we will test our knees and having walking poles will help us to reduce the load on our knees and we will be in better physical condition to visit Machu Picchu with ease.
I DO NOT HAVE A SLEEPING BAG OR TREKKING POLES , CAN I RENT THERE
If by chance you do not have a sleeping bag or walking sticks, do not worry, travel agencies offer both items for rent, if you want to rent one of them just contact your travel agency and they will be in charge of providing you the costs as well as making the delivery of them.
The costs of renting the items are generally:
- Sleeping bag: US $ 20.00
- Walking poles: US $ 20.00
I WANT TO HAVE AN INDIVIDUAL TENT. IS THERE ANY WAY TO MANAGE MY TENT?
We take this opportunity to inform you that all travel agencies provide a double tent for visitors. That is why 2 people must share the same tent during the entire route of the route.
However, sporadically some visitors wish to have their individual tent and not share it with anyone, fortunately for these clients it is possible to manage the individual tent. Therefore, all you have to do is request your travel agency, this service has an average additional cost of US $ 70.00.
THERE IS A HOT SHOWER ON ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Regarding the shower, in the camps it will not be possible to find showers both on the road and in the camps, in front of this the travel agency usually provides hot water in a small container so that you can use it to wash your face or Similar. The only option available is close to km. 82 in the Wayllabamba camp where it is possible to access a hot shower, this is managed by the local population and has a cost of 10 soles per person.
HOW LONG CAN YOU STAY IN MACHU PICCHU IN THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL ?
The visiting time in Machu Picchu citadel is an average of 1 hour and 45 minutes to 2 hours. This is enough time to visit the main circuit that includes the most important sites of the historical sanctuary. Once the guided tour is over, you won’t have much time to visit the site on your own. However, if you have bought the entrance tickets for either Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain, the extra hikes, you will have the chance to enter the site a second time.
Huayna Picchu: Average time of the hike is 1 hour and 45 minutes roundtrip. The climb is steep and has small stairs. Therefore, this extra hike is not recommendable for children.
Machu Picchu Mountain: Average time of the hike is 2 hours and a half roundtrip. This extra hike is more recommendable for people who travel with children.
MACHU PICCHU REGULATIONS
Something important that any traveler must be aware of is the regulations of Machu Picchu that entities such as SERNANP and DDC-Cusco have established in order to preserve the route. Therefore, we will mention some of the main regulations.
- Groups shouldn’t exceed 8 tourists. If they are more than 8 people in the group, there must be an extra assistant.
- Permits have to be bought in advance since there are limited spots. You can’t buy permits at the checkpoint.
- Waste is discarded at the end of the hike.
- Drones and tripods aren’t allowed.
- Firearms and hunting and fishing gear are prohibited.
- Don’t bring alcoholic beverages, stimulants, psychotropics, and other drugs.
Above all, It is important to be aware of these regulations and follow them. If not, park rangers will approach you and you will receive a fine for any damage caused.
DOES THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL INLCUDE THE ENTRANCE TICKET TO MACHU PICCHU?
The Ancascocha Trail includes the entrance to Machu Picchu citadel, but it does not include the entrance to the extra hikes to the mountains from where you can see the citadel from above.
For example, Huayna Picchu mountain costs $80 USD per person. In case, you want to hike it you have to buy the entrance ticket to the mountain in advance.
WILL I BE ABLE TO WITNESS THE SUNRISE AT MACHU PICCHU?
In truth it is not typical sunrise. As long as you don´t have too much mist or low cloud then you see the first light illuminating Machu Picchu. It is after dawn though as the sun must rise up over the high mountains surrounding Machu Picchu.
WILL I BE ABLE TO CLIMB HUAYNA PICCHU
If you are wanting to include an ascent of Huayna Picchu in your visit to Machu Picchu, note that The trail to Huayna Picchu is safe but very vertical and is about an hour and a half round trip beware that there are new regulations since July 2018 and permits have to be bought in advance. If you want us to organise your permit to climb Huayna Picchu and we must have this request in writing and confirmed at the time of your booking indicating you will pay the extra for this permit. Deposit for Huayna Picchu permit is $80 usd .
HOW LONG AM I ABLE TO STAY AT MACHU PICCHU? HOW I WILL I GET DOWN TO AGUAS CALIENTES?
When the Ancascocha trail tour is done, we arrive at the citadel at 6.00 am. After a 10-minute break to use the bathrooms, and eat a snack. It begins with the guided tour at 7:00 am. The complete circuit takes 2hrs approx. Then we will all retire as it is not allowed to stay longer in the archeological site, by rules of protection of the Sanctuary. At 12:00 pm approx. We must get off by bus to the city of Aguas Calientes where you can have lunch, and then take the train back to Aguas Calientes.
WHAT IS THE GUIDED TOUR AT MACHU PICCHU
Upon arriving in Machu Picchu on the last day of the Ancascocha Trail, travelers will be invited to take a guided tour of Machu Picchu. This tour comprehends a visit to the most important places of interest of Machu Picchu,so that temples, palaces, astronomical observatories, houses, fountains, etc. The guided tour takes two to three hours approximately, depending on your interest in the information provided by your tour guide. The guided tour of Machu Picchu takes place along any of the different circuits that the Peruvian government has established. Every tourist circuit runs in a one-way direction, which has a different duration and difficulty level.
WHAT YOU SHOULD TAKE TO THE GUIDED TOUR
Small, ten-litter backpacks are allowed inside the archaeological site. We advise that people take their passports, entrance tickets, small one-liter water bottle, sunscreen, bug spray, sunglasses, cap, and rain gear or rain poncho. Make sure to use the toilets before heading for the guided tour, as there are no toilets inside Machu Picchu. Large backpacks must be left at the luggage storage outside the entry point of Machu Picchu. Large tripods, professional photographic equipment, drones, selfie sticks, and food are not allowed inside.
BUS FROM MACHU PICCHU TO AGUAS CALIENTES
There are plenty of shuttle buses departing from outside the main entrance of Machu Picchu. The shuttle ride ends at Aguas Calientes main street. From there, there is a 5-minute walk to the train station.
Staying overnight in Machu Picchu pueblo. Those who want to have a more thorough visit to Machu Picchu then stay at Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu pueblo) are compulsory. This town offers a wide range of hotels, restaurants, massage parlors, and shopping centers for people to remain busy.
TRAVELING FROM AGUAS CALIENTES TO CUSCO
There are plenty of tourist trains departing from this town bound to Ollantaytambo and Cusco. The train ride to Ollantaytambo takes about two hours, while the train ride to Cusco takes four hours approximately.
THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL IS IDEAL FOR ME?
The physical and mental condition is very important to carry out the walks. For example, if you are looking for a gentler walk that involves less physical effort, the Lares Walk is a good option. Likewise, if you want a moderate walk that involves greater physical effort, you can do the Trek to Ancascocha, Salkantay or the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. Finally, there is an option for those who want extreme challenges and are looking for a challenging hike, for them we have the Trek to Choquequirao.
WHAT IS THE BEST DATE TO TAKE THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU?
The best date to develop the Ancascocha trail corresponds to the dry season (between the months of April to October). Characterized by presenting a pleasant, warm climate, no rain and better panoramic views of the route. However, the only detail to take into account is that during the months of April to July at night there are temperatures below 0 ° C, especially in the second camp of Ancascocha.
Remember that while on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu for these dates the spaces are already sold out months in advance. That is why the Ancascocha Trail turns out to be one of the most recommended alternatives if you are looking for routes similar to the original Inca Trail.
HOW LONG BEFORE SHOULD I MAKE MY RESERVATION FOR ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
To reserve Ancascocha Trail it is suggested to do it at least 3 to 4 months in advance, and even more so if you plan to add a visit to the Huayna Picchu mountain, since the spaces for this additional trek are limited and if you want to guarantee your visit you must to reserve it in advance.
HOW MUCH MONEY SHOULD I BRING FOR THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
It is advisable to bring an approximate of 500 soles per person, since you will find places where you can buy snacks, water, food (keep in mind that food is included in the walk except for the first and last). Likewise, any inconvenience may arise for which it is better to have extra money available.
I NEED SPECIAL INSURANCE TO TAKE THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Travel insurance is optional but highly recommended, since in the event of an incident on the road, you can quickly solve it with travel insurance that allows you to carry out support procedures between the various institutions.
These are some of the reasons why it is important to have travel insurance:
- In the event of an accident, the insurer compensates you financially to cover the expenses.
- In case of suffering any decompensation or discomfort when arriving in Cusco, they provide you with the respective assistance.
- Helps you get medical assistance wherever you are.
- In the event of any problem, it provides 24-hour telephone assistance.
- In the event of an unforeseen event and if necessary, it helps you change your return ticket.
- It supports you in covering the expenses in medicines.
- Among others.
Here are some recommended travel insurance websites:
- Ahart Frinzi & Smith
- World Nomads
- Berkley Internacional
- Amex Assurance
- Liberty Seguros
WILL I SUFFER THE ALTITUDE SICKNESS ON ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
As one of the most frequently asked questions, the highest point of the Inca Trail is at 4,200 meters above the sea level, you will spend the night at the campsite at 3.600 meters. It is difficult to say if you really going to suffer from altitude sickness, people are different and are prepared physically different. Most hikers don’t have any issues, but two days rest in Cusco to acclimatize is very advisable, drinking water and chewing cocoa leaves will definitely prepare you for the Ancascocha Trail.
HOW HARD IS TO COMPLETE THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL?
From 1 to 5 it’s 3, moderately difficult. The andean trails up and down in different temperatures and high altitude all that makes this level of difficulty. You can rent walking poles before you start your hike. Those will help you in many ways, we would recommend you get ones if you have some issues with knees or ankles, poles would absorb some pressure from those parts and also help to keep your balance! We recommend you to have a look how to prepare yourself for the Ancascocha Trail.
IS THERE INTERNET CONNECTION OR ELECTRICITY AT THE CAMPSITES OF THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU?
During the Ancascocha trail 4 days, you will not have Internet connection. Therefore, using a cellphone or any electronic device is not convenient in most places.
To keep in contact with the administrators of the tourist agency and inform them in case of a problem, or to check something important, we use radios or satellite phones.
First and Fourth day: you will have internet connection.
Second day: there is no internet connection.
Third day afternoon: there is internet connection.
However, you will have internet connection at the campsite in Wayllabamba on day 4, it has a cost of 5 to 10 soles ($2 or $30) per hour. You will also have internet connection in Machu Picchu, and you will be able to make calls, too. The telephone operators that have better signal are CLARO and BITEL. Other telephone operators don’t have good signals along the inca trail hike, but once you arrive in Aguas Calientes town, you will be able to communicate with your family or friends.
WHAT IF I AM UNABLE TO FINISH THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL ?
In the scenario that you are unable to finish the Ancascocha trail due health issues, Andean Great Treks will do everything in its power to get you to the nearest civilization and get help or transportation to help. If the issue is respiratory or due to altitude, we do carry at least one tank of oxygen on trek that you will have access to. In extreme cases, a helicopter pick up can be arranged at your own expense. (Travel Insurance required) There are no refunds in the situation that you are unable to finish though.
Generally if due to altitude sickness people can´t make it over the pass on the 2nd day of the Ancascocha trail they come back to Ollantaytambo accompanied by a porter if just mild (or guide if serious) and if they recover from altitude sickness they stay the night here in Ollantaytambo and then take the train to Aguas Calientes the next day (Day 4) in the afternoon , you will spend the night in any hotel in aguas calientes, and rejoin your group in Machu Picchu early on Day 5 and continue the tour as normal. The additional costs for this such as train ticket and accomodations will be payed by the customer.
HOW FIT SHOULD I BE TO HIKE THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU?
Fitness is important but more important than that is acclimatization and experience.
In the world of trekking, hiking for one day is one thing; hiking and camping for several days is another, while hiking and camping for several days at high altitudes is an entirely a different situation.
No matter what category you fall into amongst those three levels, the Inca Trail Hike is not recommended for people who have never hiked, nor is it advisable for people who suffer from heart or respiratory problems.
If you are capable of hiking at sea level for at least 5 hours non-stop, then you are very likely to succeed at inca trail hiking to Machu Picchu
What will determine your success is the time acclimatizing to Cusco’s high altitude before the inca trail trek, the weight that you carry in your bag, and the psychological commitment that one devotes to it.
Age is also not a problem; there have been people in their late 70s or early 80’s who have completed the full length of the inca trail to machu picchu.
Also, hiking at high altitudes might be difficult for heavy smokers and other people with breathing conditions.
THE PRE TREK PRESENTATION BEFORE THE TREK (BRIEFING)
Most Ancascocha trail tour operators will gather the members of their group tours in one location where they will meet their tour leaders and receive a pre-trek presentation with all the details about their journey. On this occasion, you will have the last chance to re-check dietary options, update passport information, and hire the necessary camping gear and extra porters. Be sure to attend such a gathering and ask the essential questions.
WHERE ARE THE DEPARTURE POINTS FOR THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL?
Pick up from your hotels starts at 4:30 am, Andean Great Treks is one of the only companies to pick you up directly from your hotel. As long as your hotel is in the center of Cusco city, we will coordinate this pickup based on a time that your inca trail trek guide will discuss at the briefing. Pick up times may vary 30 – 45 minutes based on traffic conditions and previous pickups.
Cusco is an old city with cobblestoned streets and very narrow passageways. Smaller hotels and Airbnbs are often located on streets that cars can´t pass through. They also are frequently on hillsides with long steep climbs, making it difficult to carry luggage. We highly recommend that you book accommodations with better access. We have a list of hotels that are all comfortable with easy access to pick up and drop off.
If your hotel is located in the sacred valley , don’t worries we can pick up you directly your hotel address.
ARRIVAL TO CUSCO AND CHECK-IN AT THE CUSCO ANDEAN GREAT TREKS OFFICE
We assume most people try to arrive to Cusco 2-3 days before the trek to allow adequate time for acclimatisation and a buffer in case of transport delays. Once you have settled in and rested you must come to the Cusco office to view and reconfirm the information we have pertinent to your inca trail trek, personal requirements and sign the conditions ( even if you have already paid in full.) There are occasions when local holidays or unrest may require last minute changes to departure times or some additional information and so we have a short briefing day before the trek, our office is open from 9:00 am to 17:00 pm.
CAN I STAY IN THE SACRED VALLEY BEFORE I START MY ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TO MACHU PICCHU?
Ollantaytambo & Urubamba is the best place to stay other than Cusco. By staying in the sacred valley, you get a little more sleep, because we will pick you up about 1.5 hours after the Cusco pick up time. You can only have your briefing in Cusco. So please arrange a time that works for you and our office team with your Andean Great Treks sales team.
DO THE ANCASCOCHA TRAIL TOUR GUIDES SPEAK ENGLISH?
We know how vital information is when making the fabulous Inca trail to Machu Picchu, before this Andean Great Treks has planned the recruitment of the best local expert guides on the Inca Trail route to Machu Picchu, who are trained in our training academies for aspiring guides to form part of this select group of leading guides. Andean Great Treks prepares them every semester in group mangment techniques, evacuation and first aid, concepts of archeology, botany, and Inca astronomy. After rigorous field and theoretical examinations, an aspiring guide is included in the working group for the Inca trail route to Machu Picchu, since our company is a pioneer in leading groups in the languages of English, German, and French.
HOW MANY PEOPLE WILL BE IN MY GROUP?
Our groups on the Ancascocha Trail to Machu Picchu are made up of a maximum of 8 people. Andean Great Treks organize the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu from 2 people. A very important aspect is that we only organize trekking services on the Inca trail to Machu Picchu in premium class. To make you feel very comfortable, we take care of all the details on your vacation in Peru.
WHAT TIME WILL I BE BACK IN CUSCO?
The train will came back at 14:30 pm, wich arrives to Ollantaytambo train station at 16:20 pm. Then you will be pick up by our private transportation , arriving to Cusco at 18:30 pm, the drop off will be your Hotel adress in Cusco.
FUNCTIONS OF COOKS AND MULETEERS ON ANCASCOCHA TRAIL
Chef: Important personnel in the Ancascocha Trek, despite being in the heights, the chefs with great skill and dexterity carry out the preparation of food for both the visitors and the support staff, they strive to provide you with a good nutritional diet and above all varied.
Muleteer: Muleteers are the people who are in charge of carrying camping luggage, food and a certain amount of weight of travelers’ personal items, this work is carried out with the support of mules or horses, which are largely of a lot of support not only from the visitor but from the entire group that makes the walk, and the number of muleteers for the route is proportional to the number of travelers, that is, more travelers within the group need a greater number of muleteers.
Guide: The guides are in charge of leading the group throughout the journey to Ancascocha. Likewise, the guides are highly trained personnel in constant training. They generally introduce themselves to the group in advance of the walk to give them an informative talk. This talk can be at your hotel or at the travel agency office; Likewise, the day of the start of the walk, you will be picked up from your accommodation to start the Walk to Ancascocha.
Note: It is a well-known tradition in Peru and South America, to deliver a sum of money as a tip on behalf of the visitors with the agency staff (muleteer, chef and guide) as compensation, thanks for the services provided during the journey, en route you will feel how they strive to provide you with the best possible experience for all visitors.
They receive an adequate and fair salary from the company, despite the fact that they receive some extra money from the traveler. What’s more, it is an added incentive for them and their families, but keep in mind that tipping is not mandatory, it is optional.
HOW MUCH DO I TIPP TO THE COOK AND MULETEERS
The following example is referential, if you wish you can add a higher amount for staff:
The muleteers normally receive an average of 60 soles per person from the entire group of travelers, while the chef receives 120 soles. Since the latter, apart from carrying their own kitchen supplies, must also prepare food, which is why a higher amount is assigned.
In the case of guides, the amount varies according to the experience shared with your guide. That is, the most important thing here is your personal appreciation of the service provided and accordingly you can deliver the amount you consider appropriate and personally and directly to the guide on the last day of the tour.